Different Types of Water Sources

Accessing the water you need might be as simple as turning on the faucet, but this isn’t ultimately where your water comes from. In fact, the Earth’s water supply comes from a series of different places—some you might expect, and others you might not. To fully understand the process of obtaining quality drinking water for your home, it’s crucial that you first know these sources. These are the different types of water sources around the globe and how they each play a role in what comes out of your home’s sink.

Surface Water Resources

Water on Animated GIF Images. 130 Beautiful GIFs for Free

Surface water resources are the most commonly used method of supplying water to various regions in the United States. This classification primarily includes rivers, lakes, streams, reservoirs, and wetlands—all of which contain freshwater rather than saltwater. These sources are easiest to filter, so they produce the highest-quality drinking water for the general public. Plus, another reason we mostly use these resources is their accessibility—many people live near large lakes or streams from which they can easily extract water. Surface water is therefore the most reasonable option for providing homes and businesses with the resources they need to function.

However, people commonly use rivers and lakes for recreational activities such as swimming and fishing; these places also play a part in the industrial manufacturing processes. As such, water from these sources requires extensive sterilization before it’s ready for consumption and use.

Groundwater Resources

Urban India Needs Zero Waste Approach To Mitigate Water Crisis – Odisha Bytes

Believe it or not, there’s actually a larger source of water underneath your feet than there is in all the rivers and lakes combined. However, we rarely get to tap into these sources due to how difficult they are to reach. Groundwater fills the cracks in bedrock and sand beneath the surface, making contaminants tedious to filter out in large quantities. These sources also saturate the soil and contain so much sediment that the water must undergo a thorough filtration process to even become drinkable. So, while groundwater is the main source of plant hydration, it’s not often a sustainable option for people. Fortunately, we aren’t completely cut off from groundwater sources—many of them feed some of our surface water supplies through underground springs.

Stormwater Resources

How Stormwater Affects Your Rivers | American Rivers

Otherwise known as runoff or rainwater, stormwater is water that comes from heavy weather such as rain, snow, and hail. This water flows over the land and, in the process, collects a variety of pollutants such as engine oil, fertilizer, and pesticides. As it picks up these contaminants, it eventually gathers in different areas, potentially combining with some of our other water sources. For this reason, stormwater—and water from any other type of source—must undergo a series of tests that properly identify and filter out dangerous toxins. In addition, since the majority of this water flows back into the oceans, capturing it beforehand is a great way to increase our overall water supply on land. For this reason, many sustainability experts have researched different ways to collect this water and filter it before it washes away.

Wastewater Resources

Water Pollution Facts, Types, Causes and Effects of Water Pollution | NRDC

You might not initially think of it as an option, but wastewater is another type of water source in the world. This is the water we use for our household, manufacturing, and agricultural activities; it’s then disposed of through our drains and local sewage systems. Because this water has already been used, it may contain several potentially toxic elements that must be filtered out and disposed of before the water can be used again. Unfortunately, while recycling water is a common practice in various communities, most wastewater still gets dumped in local surface water resources. This contaminates them and makes it even more difficult to filter out all the contaminants. For this reason, conservation efforts to stop businesses from dumping wastewater into lakes and rivers are on the rise. Preventing this practice better maintains the amount of water for us to live off of.

Saltwater Resources

Understanding saltwater intrusion through remote sensing

It’s common knowledge that our oceans make up over 70 percent of the planet. However, the salty, abrasive nature of this water makes using it for any of our current processes extremely difficult. In fact, the amount of salt present in ocean water makes it impossible for us to safely drink it in large enough quantities to survive. This is why we dominantly rely on freshwater sources to supply us with the water we need to drink. Fortunately, recent advances in filtration technology have yielded more effective ways to dilute saltwater and remove the acidity that prevents us from using it. Still, desalination plants are low in number due to the amount of energy this filtration process requires. Further evolution of these tools will make the process more sustainable and easier to repeat.

Ice Cap Water Resources

What causes the polar ice caps to melt? | Polar ice cap, Polar ice caps  melting, Nature

Shockingly, it’s theoretically possible for us to retrieve some water from the polar ice caps and glaciers. These large bodies of ice float through the oceans, but they actually consist of freshwater. This makes them some of our most ideal resources—if we can develop reliable ways to tap into them. Unfortunately, the glaciers are too far away for us to regularly utilize, and we have yet to come up with an effective way to meet them. The process of even reaching these territories is too much of an economical burden to be sustainable for long periods. In addition to this, the polar ice caps are crucial to regulating the Earth’s surface temperature. Going through the effort of melting them would ultimately throw our global temperatures out of balance and do more harm than good.

By appreciating these water sources, you can gain a further understanding of what it means to have clean, refreshing water to drink each day. The process water goes through to reach your faucet is a long one, and we at H2O Coolers want to better hone this process in your own home or office. Our bottle-less hot and cold water dispenser services in NYC not only purify any existing toxins from your water supply but also turn your water into meta-water. With our advanced filtration process, you can greatly increase the benefits you receive just from drinking your own tap water.

Categories: General

Facts You Need to Know about IL Water Resources

The State of Illinois is endowed with rich water resources. The water resource in Illinois comprises diverse sources such as surface water bodies, namely lakes, rivers, reservoirs and so on; groundwater that can be collected from different sorts of aquifers and shallow wells. Illinois’ diverse water resources

aquifer is a layer of rocks underground where water can occur. The water here can be removed to the surface using water wells.The main aquifer areas in Illinois have a span of 32, 400 square miles (59% of the State). This includes close to 11,800 square miles of area that overlaps aquifers at diverse depths.

About 18,600 square miles of the State (33%) are occupied by shallow aquifers (8,300 square miles. These are recognized as highly prone to contamination underground.

There are as many as 87,110 miles of interior streams in the State. The major rivers include Rock, Des Plaines, Fox, Illinois, Kankakee, Kaskaskia, Sangamon, Cache, Bing Muddy, and Vermilion.

Inland lakes

There are over 87,900 lakes and pound in the State of Illinois. Of these, 3,041 have an area of six acres or more. Note that as many as 75% of the inland lakes are artificial and include:

  • Manmade reservoirs with an area up to 26,000 acres
  • Streams that have been dammed and side-channel impoundments
  • Borrow pit, strip mine and lakes that have been excavated.

Utilization of water resources

In Illinois, water is used for different objectives including residential, industrial and commercial purposes. For residential purpose, both and private and municipal wells are sourced.

To ensure optimal utilization, to protect ecology, the government has planned well the Water Resource in Illinois. This is important to ensure equality between various competing users of water.

Here are the conservation measures undertaken by the government of Illinois, United States. It’s enlightening to discuss the following points:

Measures to protect the Great lakes

The Great lakes in the State bring a large volume of water to a great majority of people across the middle and west part of the State. The waterways in these areas are a significant source of livelihood.

The welfare measures undertaken by the government include eradication measures for Asian carp to improve the fish collection, biological control efforts, and population reduction.

All these measures are aimed to prevent the bypass of Asian carp between Chicago sanitary and River Des Plaines and ship canal (CSSC) and Michigan and Illinois canal and CSSC when there is a high level of flooding.

Allocation of Lake Michigan water

Of the Great Lakes in Illinois, Lake Michigan is the third biggest and is largest of freshwater bodies in the United States.

Built in 1874 and sealed in 1938, the Inner Harbor Breakwater is leaking water from the Michigan Lake to the Chicago River.

To address the withdrawing watershed problem, the Chicago Harbor Basin Cuttoff Wall project was commissioned in 2001.

William G. Stratton Dam, McHenry

In 1960, the Stratton Lock came into being on the Fox Chain of Lakes in McHenry. In summer more than 24,000 boats ply through the Lock from and to Fox River downstream.

However, the capacity of the Lock is lower and is unable to meet the peak demand.

Further, the sluice gates of the dam were constructed in 1939 and have become rundown. The new gates are likely to allow better flow and regulation of water to mitigate flooding.

The Flood Control Act, 1945

The Flood Control Act, 1945 (615 ILCS 15) confers the essential legal authority on the Government of Illinois to take part in the efforts to improve the quality of the rivers in the State.

The objective is to regulate and control floods and low flows of water.

The government also plays a key role in Flood Control Assistance programs in urban areas and offers technical advice, referral.

It also conducts studies and plays a key role in the preservation of steam program.

Regulatory issues

The office of Water Resources issues work permits in and along the lakes, rivers, and streams for activities in and along public waters. This includes Lake Michigan for construction and maintaining the dams.

The other activities of the Resource Management are the Lake Michigan Water Allocation, National Flood Insurance Program, mitigation of flooding and protecting the Water Resource in Illinois.


The government endeavors to allocate water resources to ensure equitable distribution of the water resource in Illinois without any discrimination among the competing needs and users. The authorities also undertake to educate the common people to understand the importance of conserving and protecting the water resources so that it could better serve ecology.

Categories: Water Resources